4 easy crops to start your urban garden

Starting to grow our own food can be immensely beneficial in many ways, but we don’t always know where to start.

You don’t need a large garden or terrace to grow your own organic vegetables most of the year.

Many fruits and vegetables require large amounts of soil and water, but there are some that do not need a very large space or full-time dedication.

It is not always easy to be able to eat 100% of our own vegetables, but, even to grow a few, it is always worth having a small garden at home; You will enjoy the unique flavors, the pleasure of having grown them, knowing that they do not carry any type of pesticide or chemical, and it will become your greatest hobby.

Today we want to share the 4 easiest crops to start a garden at home, which you can plant anywhere and enjoy throughout the year.

Don’t hesitate and start growing your own food!

 

Spinach:

Spinach is a source of fiber and rich in vitamins A, B1, B2, C, K, calcium, phosphorus, iron, folic acid, magnesium, zinc and beta-carotene, which have powerful antioxidant activity.

They can be eaten raw or cooked and have endless benefits for both health and beauty.

Spinach has a little branching root, so it is not necessary to provide large containers for its cultivation. You can grow spinach anywhere, in a simple pot or planter, but make sure the pots have holes in the base so excess water can drain out.

Try to avoid soft plastic pots and containers. Use for more natural materials and less polluting such as ceramic, wood, etc.

Sow several seeds (3-5) no deeper than 3 cm. After 10 or 15 days they will have germinated and after about two months you can start harvesting their leaves.

You can sow spinach seeds at any time of year, but keep in mind that to germinate they need to have a temperature of approximately 18 or 20 ºC.

Lettuce:

Growing lettuce will provide you with the essential ingredient to prepare any fresh salad.

Lettuce carries just 18 calories per 100 g and is rich in minerals, especially potassium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. It is also a source of vitamins A, B, C and E. Lettuce also has relaxing and sleep-promoting properties.

Growing lettuce is very simple and can be grown throughout the year.

Start by planting a couple of seeds (if you have a seedbed, do it in it) and transplant to the final pot when the plant has about 6 leaves. It is preferable to receive natural light, but not direct sunlight. Lettuce does not require as much light as other plants and is well suited to cold climates.

There are many types of lettuce, so there will always be something for everyone.

After two months you can start to collect its leaves or cut the whole lettuce.

 

Radishes:

Radishes are fresh, spicy, and somewhat bitter in taste and have many beneficial properties. Radishes provide few calories and many nutrients and are a great healthy option to incorporate into our recipes or snack between meals.

Radishes are made up of a large percentage of water, they keep the body hydrated and help eliminate toxins. Radishes support the digestive system and the circulatory system in general.

They are also rich in vitamin C, so they help the immune system to protect us from colds and other viruses and bacteria and also promote expectoration.

One of the most outstanding properties of radishes is that it protects our liver system thanks to sulfur components called glucosinolates.

Radishes grow fast and require little care.

Sow the seeds directly into the ground and from week 3 or 4 you can start enjoying them.

Remember to always leave space between the seeds so that the radishes have enough space to grow.

 

Chard:

Chard, although it looks like a humble vegetable, is loaded with essential nutrients for our body and is perfect for cleansing diets, since it is diuretic, has a lot of fiber and very few calories.

The leaves of chard provide a large amount of calcium in addition to vitamin K, magnesium and other minerals that also promote the health of our bones. Swiss chard is a great food that helps fight osteoporosis in adulthood and encourages bone development during growth.

Swiss chard can also be grown all year round. There are different varieties and with different ranges of colors. It is the perfect vegetable to grow both in pots (although always large) and in the garden to give color to the environment.